Third party registration/group registration

Agboh, Charles Charles.Agboh at GTS.COM
Thu Dec 7 09:56:52 EST 2000


Chris,

Some ideas about why I think this could be a useful feature.....

It is the concept of third-party registration that I believe is not clearly
(if at all) specified in H.323.  "In third-party registration, the entity
issuing the request is different from the entity being registered."  This is
not equivalent to hunting down the list of alternateEnpoints for an Endpoint
I am trying to reach.    The key to this is who is requesting the binding
between an alias address and a transport address.

The entity making the request is using resources of the GK.  The GK may view
the entity that is  being registered as a client of the entiry that made the
request and may send CDRs  correlating the three parties entities.  The
3rd-party (as paul called it: the entity making the request) may be charged
for using the GKs resources.

Even though my friend bob has an H.323 complaint EP that is capable of
registering itself, I (3rd-party: as paul called it) can register bobs alias
at my GK and my GK will send CDRs to me at the end of *our* conference.
Bob may inheret some of my priveleges as a result of my action.

I don't have all the possible applications of this feature on my radar.



Best regards,

charles





-----Original Message-----
From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
Sent: Monday, December 04, 2000 2:26 PM
To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration


Charles,

> I said that the "....H.323 EP must support RAS...".  We are down to the
case
> where the H.323 EP user has disabled RAS.
I would argue that this means that the endpoint is not supporting RAS, and
has
become uncompliant...

> Is it useful to have this feature (third-party registration) for this
> specific case?  Its not defined in the standard and I think it should be
> (i.e. From Pauls view, it could be useful for administrative reasons );
> although there are ways to provide this feature in H.323v2 and H.323v4.
Please expand on why you think it's a useful feature, and what you think is
required for it.  I don't understand what you feel you need beyond what's
already there.  If you are acting as a gateway/IWF then you are handling all
call signalling, and the registration is not third-party.  If you are doing
Paul's "as if" case then it isn't "as if" if it requires any modifications
to
the standard.  If you wish to do anything else, you need to tell us WHAT as
I
for one don't understand what you're trying to achieve (and calling
"third-party registration") that doesn't come under the above headings.

Regards,
Chris
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at isdn-comms.co.uk]
> Sent: Monday, December 04, 2000 11:01 AM
> To: Agboh, Charles
> Cc: ITU-SG16 at mailbag.cps.intel.com
> Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
>
> Charles,
>
> > By H.323 EP, I mean an H.323 EP that must support  RAS (by your
> > interpretation of the standard), but the RAS function can be disabled by
> the
> > user (Pauls views ).  The GK is an optional H.323 entity.
> I repeat that "The GK is an optional H.323 entity" does NOT imply "RAS is
> optional in an endpoint".
>
> >>Q4. Is Charles's actual application, where one entity is registering and
> >> hence
> >> presumably (although he's consistently failed to clarify) handling RAS
on
> >> behalf of another compliant H.323 endpoint a possibility?
> >> A4a (My position, with which I THINK you agree) No, on the grounds that
> if
> >> the
> >> gateway/IWF can find a gatekeeper and use it, so can the endpoint.
> >> A4b (Charles) Yes.
> > A4b Yes, the H.323 EP user may have disabled RAS or the H.323 EP is
turned
> > off (i.e.  SIP EP).
> These are two complete separate cases.  We were discussing only the
> (disputed)
> case that the H.323 EP user has disabled RAS.  If the H.323 endpoint is
> turned
> off and a SIP endpoint is being used, the gateway is handling ALL H.323
call
> signalling on behalf of the SIP endpoint.  In other words the gateway is
> terminating H.323 call signalling and, as far as H.323 is concerned, IS
the
> endpoint.  Or, to put it yet another way, the same device is handling RAS
as
> is
> handling all other call signalling.
>
> Regards,
> Chris
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
> > Sent: Friday, December 01, 2000 3:36 PM
> > To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
> > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> >
> > Charles,
> >
> > > I am not a native English speaker (1/3), sorry for the mistake.   I
> > > understand things better now.
> > I think we're getting closer now.  Don't worry about not being a native
> > English
> > speaker - please persevere.  I apologise if I've sometimes sounded harsh
> in
> > my
> > responses - it's normally because I'm trying to make points quickly!  I
> know
> > communicating in a foreign language is hard - which is precisely why
it's
> > important to make sure that nomenclature is clear and unambiguous!
> >
> > > Consider the following scenario;
> > >
> > > A4:
> > >
> > > An enpoint A (first-party) is switch off or does not "speak" H.323 (it
> > > supports RAS).   I (third-party.  i.e.  IWF ) may want to be able to
> > > register this endpoint which we will call EP A.    I register this
> > endpoint
> > > with its "well-known" alias address which is binded to a transport
> > addresses
> > > (not the one this EP usually uses when it is turned on. i.e.
transport
> > > address of an H.323 complaint device like an answering machine called
> AM).
> > > The GK will now be able to route the call for EP A to the AM.  For the
> EP
> > > that does not "speak" H.323 the signaling will go to some entity that
> > > will be able to "speak" H.323 and bind the RAS context created by the
> IWF
> > > (this may be the IWF itself).
> >
> > Ah!  This is a COMPLETELY different scenario from that I was describing!
> > This
> > is simple.  All you are doing here is registering an alias somewhere
> > different
> > from what you may consider its "usual home".  The key to thinking about
> this
> > is
> > that aliases are just that - they may only bind to particular devices
for
> > defined periods of time (the same user may use different endpoints on
> > different
> > days, but retain the same phone number).  The practicalities between IWF
> and
> > the "transport address this endpoint uses when it is turned on" may get
> > somewhat hairy and certainly outside the remit of H.323, when it comes
to
> > ensuring that you don't have multiple devices trying to use the same
alias
> > in
> > the same zone simultaneously (sadly not permitted).
> >
> > > A5:  If I have a GK in my network, I may not allow "dubious" EPs to
have
> > > direct access to my GK. <misprint corrected>
> > True, but not addressing the question.  The question is whether it is
> > permitted
> > to separate EP and GK with a proxy.  I don't know the answer to this
one!
> >
> > Regards,
> > Chris
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at isdn-comms.co.uk]
> > > Sent: Friday, December 01, 2000 10:31 AM
> > > To: Agboh, Charles
> > > Cc: ITU-SG16 at mailbag.cps.intel.com
> > > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> > >
> > > Charles,
> > >
> > > I'll take these two mails together, as the point is the same.
> > >
> > > H.225.0 section 7.7 states which RAS messages are mandatory, optional
> etc.
> > > for
> > > different H.323 devices.  By mandating the support of these messages,
it
> > > mandates the support of RAS, since  there is no proviso there for
"when
> > the
> > > EP/entity is supporting RAS".
> > >
> > > An aside, from a famous UK 80s sitcom on the subject of
"clarification":
> > > "You don't issue clarifications to MAKE things clear: you issue them
to
> > put
> > > you
> > > IN the clear."
> > >
> > > Regards,
> > > Chris
> > >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
> > > Sent: Friday, December 01, 2000 10:46 AM
> > > To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
> > > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> > >
> > > Paul,
> > >
> > > I think we're starting to converge.  Let's separate this out now, into
> > > separate
> > > questions:
> > >
> > > Q1. Are endpoint devices (in which term I include gateways etc
> throughout
> > > this
> > > mail) required to implement RAS?
> > > A1. Yes (agreed between you and me, disagreed by Charles).
> > >
> > > Q2. How does an endpoint device know whether or not a gatekeeper is
> > present
> > > in
> > > the system, and hence whether or not to use RAS?
> > > A2a (Your position as I understand it.)  Configuration, discovery on
> > > startup,
> > > give up if you don't find anything then.
> > > A2b (My suggestion) Configuration, discovery on startup, retry at some
> > > reasonable frequency (hourly?), take the three seconds to attempt
> > gatekeeper
> > > discovery when someone makes a call to or from the endpoint in
question.
> > > A2c (What we'll probably end up agreeing!)  Implementation decision.
> > >
> > > Q3. What should an endpoint do if it attempts to register with all
> > > discovered
> > > gatekeepers, where there is at least one gatekeeper in the system, and
> > fails
> > > (RRJ)?
> > > A3a (My position) Shut itself down.
> > > A3b (Anybody elses) ???
> > >
> > > Q4. Is Charles's actual application, where one entity is registering
and
> > > hence
> > > presumably (although he's consistently failed to clarify) handling RAS
> on
> > > behalf of another compliant H.323 endpoint a possibility?
> > > A4a (My position, with which I THINK you agree) No, on the grounds
that
> if
> > > the
> > > gateway/IWF can find a gatekeeper and use it, so can the endpoint.
> > > A4b (Charles) Yes.
> > >
> > > This actually gives rise to a further question, which is (I believe)
> open,
> > > and
> > > probably shouldn't be:
> > > Q5. Can an endpoint be separated from its gatekeeper by a proxy?
> > >
> > > Regards,
> > > Chris
> > >
> > > Paul Long wrote:
> > > >
> > > > Chris,
> > > >
> > > > (You and I inadvertently replied to each other privately. I thought
> I'd
> > > > clean my email up a bit :-) and post it to the reflector.)
> > > >
> > > > As you point out, gatekeepers are optional, but an endpoint may not
be
> > > > registered with a gatekeeper (hence, an "unregistered endpoint"). I
> also
> > > > agree with you that an endpoint must implement and be able to use
RAS.
> > The
> > > > tricky part, though, is under what circumstances _shall_ an endpoint
> use
> > > > RAS, i.e., at least attempt to register with a gatekeeper. It may
come
> > > down
> > > > to a rather philosophical question. If an endpoint is required to
use
> > RAS
> > > in
> > > > any way and ultimately discover and register with a gatekeeper only
if
> > > there
> > > > is a gatekeeper in the "system," how does it know whether there is a
> > > > gatekeeper within the system without using RAS? Look like a
Catch-22,
> > but
> > > my
> > > > take on it is that whether a gatekeeper is in the system must be
known
> > out
> > > > of band. That's the only way I know of to resolve these otherwise
> > > > contradictory issues.
> > > >
> > > > Smith Micro builds endpoints that can be used in systems with and
> > without
> > > > gatekeepers. Because this vendor does not know whether the system
> within
> > > > which the user will be deploying the endpoint contains a gatekeeper,
> the
> > > > user presumably knows and has the discretion as whether to use RAS
via
> a
> > > > Preferences dialog in the user interface. I think that's reasonable
> and
> > > > compliant. Some vendors may build endpoints that are designed to
> always
> > be
> > > > used within systems that contain gatekeepers, and that's fine, too,
> and
> > > > compliant. However, IMO, besides probably being a bad marketing
> decision
> > > > :-), an endpoint that does not support RAS at all is not compliant.
> > > >
> > > > Paul Long
> > > > ipDialog, Inc.
> > > >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
> > > > Sent: Thursday, November 30, 2000 7:56 AM
> > > > To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
> > > > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> > > >
> > > > Charles,
> > > >
> > > > This comes up on this list every now and again, and the answer
doesn't
> > > > change.
> > > > The gatekeeper is an optional entity: TRUE.
> > > > RAS is optional: FALSE.
> > > > Endpoints (including gateways, IWFs, whatever you want to call them)
> > have
> > > a
> > > > responsibility of trying to find one, registering with one if it can
> and
> > > > SHUTTING ITSELF DOWN if it manages to find one or more gatekeepers
but
> > > fails
> > > > to
> > > > register.  Only if all reasonable attempts to find a gatekeeper fail
> > > should
> > > > an
> > > > H.323 endpoint operate without an active registration.
> > > >
> > > > Let me give you the first couple of quotations from H.323 (I'm
looking
> > at
> > > v4
> > > > determined, but I don't believe this has ever changed) I find on the
> > > > subject.
> > > > They're in section 7.2.2:
> > > > "As part of their configuration process, all endpoints shall
> > register..."
> > > > "Registration shall occur before any calls are attempted and may
occur
> > > > periodically as necessary (for example, at endpoint power-up)."
> > > >
> > > > Oh, and I suggest reading H.225.0 section 7.7 "Required Support of
RAS
> > > > messages" as well.
> > > >
> > > > How else could things work?  Consider the case where an endpoint (A)
> is
> > > > trying
> > > > to make a call to another endpoint (B).  A issues an ARQ to its
> > > gatekeeper,
> > > > asking permission to try a call; the gatekeeper rejects the call
(ARJ)
> > on
> > > > some
> > > > reasonable grounds (possibly a conceptual "do not disturb" notice B
> has
> > > set
> > > > up
> > > > with its gatekeeper).  A thinks "stuff this", unregisters from its
> > > > gatekeeper
> > > > ("we don't want to worry about all that boring RAS stuff if it's
going
> > to
> > > be
> > > > inconvenient to us") and sends the Setup message to B anyway -
> resulting
> > > (at
> > > > best) in an disgruntled B.
> > > > In other words, as soon as you allow endpoints to operate in the
> > presence
> > > of
> > > > a
> > > > gatekeeper without registering with it and abiding by its decisions,
> you
> > > > might
> > > > as well write all xRJ messages out of the protocol entirely!
> > > >
> > > > If an endpoint is going to ignore RAS (and hence the standard) then
> why
> > > > should
> > > > it bother having anyone else register on its behalf?  I refer you to
> > > > "Besides,..." in my last mail (which point you still haven't
> addressed).
> > > >
> > > > Regards,
> > > > Chris
> > > >
> > > >
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > > > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > > > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
> > >
> > > --
> > > Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
> > > ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
> > > Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
> > > Phone: +44 1344 899 007
> > > Fax:   +44 1344 899 001
> > >
> > > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
> > >
> > > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
> >
> > --
> > Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
> > ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
> > Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
> > Phone: +44 1344 899 007
> > Fax:   +44 1344 899 001
> >
> > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
> >
> > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
>
> --
> Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
> ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
> Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
> Phone: +44 1344 899 007
> Fax:   +44 1344 899 001

--
Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
Phone: +44 1344 899 007
Fax:   +44 1344 899 001

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
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