Third party registration/group registration

Agboh, Charles Charles.Agboh at GTS.COM
Mon Dec 4 05:39:12 EST 2000


Chris

I said that the "....H.323 EP must support RAS...".  We are down to the case
where the H.323 EP user has disabled RAS.
Is it useful to have this feature (third-party registration) for this
specific case?  Its not defined in the standard and I think it should be
(i.e. From Pauls view, it could be useful for administrative reasons );
although there are ways to provide this feature in H.323v2 and H.323v4.

Regards,

charles

-----Original Message-----
From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at isdn-comms.co.uk]
Sent: Monday, December 04, 2000 11:01 AM
To: Agboh, Charles
Cc: ITU-SG16 at mailbag.cps.intel.com
Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration


Charles,

> By H.323 EP, I mean an H.323 EP that must support  RAS (by your
> interpretation of the standard), but the RAS function can be disabled by
the
> user (Pauls views ).  The GK is an optional H.323 entity.
I repeat that "The GK is an optional H.323 entity" does NOT imply "RAS is
optional in an endpoint".

>>Q4. Is Charles's actual application, where one entity is registering and
>> hence
>> presumably (although he's consistently failed to clarify) handling RAS on
>> behalf of another compliant H.323 endpoint a possibility?
>> A4a (My position, with which I THINK you agree) No, on the grounds that
if
>> the
>> gateway/IWF can find a gatekeeper and use it, so can the endpoint.
>> A4b (Charles) Yes.
> A4b Yes, the H.323 EP user may have disabled RAS or the H.323 EP is turned
> off (i.e.  SIP EP).
These are two complete separate cases.  We were discussing only the
(disputed)
case that the H.323 EP user has disabled RAS.  If the H.323 endpoint is
turned
off and a SIP endpoint is being used, the gateway is handling ALL H.323 call
signalling on behalf of the SIP endpoint.  In other words the gateway is
terminating H.323 call signalling and, as far as H.323 is concerned, IS the
endpoint.  Or, to put it yet another way, the same device is handling RAS as
is
handling all other call signalling.

Regards,
Chris


> -----Original Message-----
> From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
> Sent: Friday, December 01, 2000 3:36 PM
> To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
> Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
>
> Charles,
>
> > I am not a native English speaker (1/3), sorry for the mistake.   I
> > understand things better now.
> I think we're getting closer now.  Don't worry about not being a native
> English
> speaker - please persevere.  I apologise if I've sometimes sounded harsh
in
> my
> responses - it's normally because I'm trying to make points quickly!  I
know
> communicating in a foreign language is hard - which is precisely why it's
> important to make sure that nomenclature is clear and unambiguous!
>
> > Consider the following scenario;
> >
> > A4:
> >
> > An enpoint A (first-party) is switch off or does not "speak" H.323 (it
> > supports RAS).   I (third-party.  i.e.  IWF ) may want to be able to
> > register this endpoint which we will call EP A.    I register this
> endpoint
> > with its "well-known" alias address which is binded to a transport
> addresses
> > (not the one this EP usually uses when it is turned on. i.e.  transport
> > address of an H.323 complaint device like an answering machine called
AM).
> > The GK will now be able to route the call for EP A to the AM.  For the
EP
> > that does not "speak" H.323 the signaling will go to some entity that
> > will be able to "speak" H.323 and bind the RAS context created by the
IWF
> > (this may be the IWF itself).
>
> Ah!  This is a COMPLETELY different scenario from that I was describing!
> This
> is simple.  All you are doing here is registering an alias somewhere
> different
> from what you may consider its "usual home".  The key to thinking about
this
> is
> that aliases are just that - they may only bind to particular devices for
> defined periods of time (the same user may use different endpoints on
> different
> days, but retain the same phone number).  The practicalities between IWF
and
> the "transport address this endpoint uses when it is turned on" may get
> somewhat hairy and certainly outside the remit of H.323, when it comes to
> ensuring that you don't have multiple devices trying to use the same alias
> in
> the same zone simultaneously (sadly not permitted).
>
> > A5:  If I have a GK in my network, I may not allow "dubious" EPs to have
> > direct access to my GK. <misprint corrected>
> True, but not addressing the question.  The question is whether it is
> permitted
> to separate EP and GK with a proxy.  I don't know the answer to this one!
>
> Regards,
> Chris
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at isdn-comms.co.uk]
> > Sent: Friday, December 01, 2000 10:31 AM
> > To: Agboh, Charles
> > Cc: ITU-SG16 at mailbag.cps.intel.com
> > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> >
> > Charles,
> >
> > I'll take these two mails together, as the point is the same.
> >
> > H.225.0 section 7.7 states which RAS messages are mandatory, optional
etc.
> > for
> > different H.323 devices.  By mandating the support of these messages, it
> > mandates the support of RAS, since  there is no proviso there for "when
> the
> > EP/entity is supporting RAS".
> >
> > An aside, from a famous UK 80s sitcom on the subject of "clarification":
> > "You don't issue clarifications to MAKE things clear: you issue them to
> put
> > you
> > IN the clear."
> >
> > Regards,
> > Chris
> >
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
> > Sent: Friday, December 01, 2000 10:46 AM
> > To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
> > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> >
> > Paul,
> >
> > I think we're starting to converge.  Let's separate this out now, into
> > separate
> > questions:
> >
> > Q1. Are endpoint devices (in which term I include gateways etc
throughout
> > this
> > mail) required to implement RAS?
> > A1. Yes (agreed between you and me, disagreed by Charles).
> >
> > Q2. How does an endpoint device know whether or not a gatekeeper is
> present
> > in
> > the system, and hence whether or not to use RAS?
> > A2a (Your position as I understand it.)  Configuration, discovery on
> > startup,
> > give up if you don't find anything then.
> > A2b (My suggestion) Configuration, discovery on startup, retry at some
> > reasonable frequency (hourly?), take the three seconds to attempt
> gatekeeper
> > discovery when someone makes a call to or from the endpoint in question.
> > A2c (What we'll probably end up agreeing!)  Implementation decision.
> >
> > Q3. What should an endpoint do if it attempts to register with all
> > discovered
> > gatekeepers, where there is at least one gatekeeper in the system, and
> fails
> > (RRJ)?
> > A3a (My position) Shut itself down.
> > A3b (Anybody elses) ???
> >
> > Q4. Is Charles's actual application, where one entity is registering and
> > hence
> > presumably (although he's consistently failed to clarify) handling RAS
on
> > behalf of another compliant H.323 endpoint a possibility?
> > A4a (My position, with which I THINK you agree) No, on the grounds that
if
> > the
> > gateway/IWF can find a gatekeeper and use it, so can the endpoint.
> > A4b (Charles) Yes.
> >
> > This actually gives rise to a further question, which is (I believe)
open,
> > and
> > probably shouldn't be:
> > Q5. Can an endpoint be separated from its gatekeeper by a proxy?
> >
> > Regards,
> > Chris
> >
> > Paul Long wrote:
> > >
> > > Chris,
> > >
> > > (You and I inadvertently replied to each other privately. I thought
I'd
> > > clean my email up a bit :-) and post it to the reflector.)
> > >
> > > As you point out, gatekeepers are optional, but an endpoint may not be
> > > registered with a gatekeeper (hence, an "unregistered endpoint"). I
also
> > > agree with you that an endpoint must implement and be able to use RAS.
> The
> > > tricky part, though, is under what circumstances _shall_ an endpoint
use
> > > RAS, i.e., at least attempt to register with a gatekeeper. It may come
> > down
> > > to a rather philosophical question. If an endpoint is required to use
> RAS
> > in
> > > any way and ultimately discover and register with a gatekeeper only if
> > there
> > > is a gatekeeper in the "system," how does it know whether there is a
> > > gatekeeper within the system without using RAS? Look like a Catch-22,
> but
> > my
> > > take on it is that whether a gatekeeper is in the system must be known
> out
> > > of band. That's the only way I know of to resolve these otherwise
> > > contradictory issues.
> > >
> > > Smith Micro builds endpoints that can be used in systems with and
> without
> > > gatekeepers. Because this vendor does not know whether the system
within
> > > which the user will be deploying the endpoint contains a gatekeeper,
the
> > > user presumably knows and has the discretion as whether to use RAS via
a
> > > Preferences dialog in the user interface. I think that's reasonable
and
> > > compliant. Some vendors may build endpoints that are designed to
always
> be
> > > used within systems that contain gatekeepers, and that's fine, too,
and
> > > compliant. However, IMO, besides probably being a bad marketing
decision
> > > :-), an endpoint that does not support RAS at all is not compliant.
> > >
> > > Paul Long
> > > ipDialog, Inc.
> > >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Chris Wayman Purvis [mailto:cwp at ISDN-COMMS.CO.UK]
> > > Sent: Thursday, November 30, 2000 7:56 AM
> > > To: ITU-SG16 at MAILBAG.INTEL.COM
> > > Subject: Re: Third party registration/group registration
> > >
> > > Charles,
> > >
> > > This comes up on this list every now and again, and the answer doesn't
> > > change.
> > > The gatekeeper is an optional entity: TRUE.
> > > RAS is optional: FALSE.
> > > Endpoints (including gateways, IWFs, whatever you want to call them)
> have
> > a
> > > responsibility of trying to find one, registering with one if it can
and
> > > SHUTTING ITSELF DOWN if it manages to find one or more gatekeepers but
> > fails
> > > to
> > > register.  Only if all reasonable attempts to find a gatekeeper fail
> > should
> > > an
> > > H.323 endpoint operate without an active registration.
> > >
> > > Let me give you the first couple of quotations from H.323 (I'm looking
> at
> > v4
> > > determined, but I don't believe this has ever changed) I find on the
> > > subject.
> > > They're in section 7.2.2:
> > > "As part of their configuration process, all endpoints shall
> register..."
> > > "Registration shall occur before any calls are attempted and may occur
> > > periodically as necessary (for example, at endpoint power-up)."
> > >
> > > Oh, and I suggest reading H.225.0 section 7.7 "Required Support of RAS
> > > messages" as well.
> > >
> > > How else could things work?  Consider the case where an endpoint (A)
is
> > > trying
> > > to make a call to another endpoint (B).  A issues an ARQ to its
> > gatekeeper,
> > > asking permission to try a call; the gatekeeper rejects the call (ARJ)
> on
> > > some
> > > reasonable grounds (possibly a conceptual "do not disturb" notice B
has
> > set
> > > up
> > > with its gatekeeper).  A thinks "stuff this", unregisters from its
> > > gatekeeper
> > > ("we don't want to worry about all that boring RAS stuff if it's going
> to
> > be
> > > inconvenient to us") and sends the Setup message to B anyway -
resulting
> > (at
> > > best) in an disgruntled B.
> > > In other words, as soon as you allow endpoints to operate in the
> presence
> > of
> > > a
> > > gatekeeper without registering with it and abiding by its decisions,
you
> > > might
> > > as well write all xRJ messages out of the protocol entirely!
> > >
> > > If an endpoint is going to ignore RAS (and hence the standard) then
why
> > > should
> > > it bother having anyone else register on its behalf?  I refer you to
> > > "Besides,..." in my last mail (which point you still haven't
addressed).
> > >
> > > Regards,
> > > Chris
> > >
> > > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
> >
> > --
> > Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
> > ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
> > Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
> > Phone: +44 1344 899 007
> > Fax:   +44 1344 899 001
> >
> > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
> >
> > ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> > listserv at mailbag.intel.com
>
> --
> Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
> ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
> Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
> Phone: +44 1344 899 007
> Fax:   +44 1344 899 001
>
> ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> listserv at mailbag.intel.com
>
> ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
> listserv at mailbag.intel.com

--
Dr Chris Purvis -- Development Manager
ISDN Communications Ltd, The Stable Block, Ronans, Chavey Down Road
Winkfield Row, Berkshire.  RG42 6LY  ENGLAND
Phone: +44 1344 899 007
Fax:   +44 1344 899 001

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
For help on this mail list, send "HELP ITU-SG16" in a message to
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